climate change

‘New normal’ of flooded roads presents complex challenges

Story and photos by Judy Benson

climate adaptation workshopWith frequent downpours flooding many of the state’s coastal roads throughout the fall and into January – including the previous day – the workshop could hardly have had more relevance and timeliness.

“I spent yesterday dealing with countless calls to my office from people saying they couldn’t get to their houses because of flooding,” said Steve Johnson, acting assistant public works director, open space and natural resource agent for Milford. “This is getting to be the new normal. Yesterday I also watched a school bus drive through two feet of water to get the kids home.”

Johnson was one of the speakers at the Climate Adaptation Academyworkshop on Jan. 25 on road flooding. A capacity crowd of more than 80 municipal public works, planning and engineering officials from throughout coastal Connecticut came to the Middlesex County Extension Center in Haddam to spend the day learning about legal, environmental and practical approaches and challenges to “a problem with no easy answers,” said Juliana Barrett, coastal habitat specialist at Connecticut Sea Grant, during opening remarks. Co-sponsored by Sea Grant, UConn CLEAR and UConn Extension, the workshop is the third in a series focusing on the local ramifications of climate change and how towns can learn to cope.

Caught between the encroaching waters and dry land are salt marshes and roadways through low-lying coastal communities. Finding ways so that both can continue to exist on the Connecticut shoreline will be one of the main tasks of coastal town officials for the coming decades, Kozak said.Setting the stage for the issue at hand was David Kozak, senior coastal planner in the Land and Water Resources Division of the state Department of Energy and Environmental Protection. Ocean waters have been creeping onto land at accelerating rates over the past 50 years, and sea levels are projected to rise another 20 inches by 2050 and about four feet by 2100, he said. “Sunny day flooding,” when roads become submerged by high tides rather than heavy rains and storm surge, is becoming more common, he added.

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Tackling the climate change challenge, one place at a time

climate corps students in classClimate change is perhaps the biggest challenge humanity has ever faced, and just thinking about it can make someone feel exhausted and overwhelmed.

How can the next generation of environmental professionals be prepared to deal a problem that big?

One answer could be found this fall in the Climate Corps class taught at the University of Connecticut by Sea Grant’s Juliana Barrett and Bruce Hyde, land use academy director at UConn CLEAR (Center for Land Use Education & Research). Now in its second year, the course invites students to tackle this global challenge on local scales, methodically breaking it down into more manageable parts.

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Story and photos by Judy Benson

An Opportunity to Explore Outside the Box with UConn Extension

By Tom Martella

UConn Extension Summer Intern


Tom Martella
Tom Martella at a living shoreline planting on Friday June 10, 2016 at Dodge Paddock Preserve in Stonington. The area is owned and managed by Avalonia Land Conservancy. Photo: Juliana Barrett, UConn Extension

Often times students at my age find themselves concerned that the subject matter they have been studying for the past two, three, or even four years is not what they see themselves doing for the rest of their lives. Numerous questions begin to arise: Is it too late to change my study plan? If I do, will I now be incredibly behind? Have I just wasted a massive amount of time, money, and effort?

Figuring out what comes after college can be daunting, and everyone has to find their own path. For me personally UConn Extension played a major role in this process.

As most people will tell you, an education of any kind is a never a waste. Knowledge is invaluable beyond measure, and accruing any amount can rarely be a bad thing. That said, not everything we learn about is of interest, but that doesn’t mean it lacks purpose. My dad once told me that one of the best ways to find out what you want to do is by finding out what you don’t want to do, as long as you learn something from the experience. Take a class, or even a job you aren’t sure of. Try it out, learn what you can, and if in the end it wasn’t for you, it was a stepping stone to the next one. An education is as much about personal experiences as it is about lectures and tests. In order to make our contribution to the world we have to learn about ourselves; our strengths, our weaknesses, and where our interest most lies. For some this may take longer than others, but it is never too late to change things up. In fact, the longer it takes, the more you learned along the way! Never discount or disregard your past experience, just because it does not match perfectly with what you are pursuing in the present. Take that wealth of knowledge you have developed and mold it into something relatable to your current interests. Changing your course of study or career path may leave you somewhat behind your new peers in certain ways, but you have a different advantage that they lack. Bringing a new perspective, alternative insight, and fresh ideas to the table can be an extremely positive thing, and can lead you down a path you may have never thought possible. Explore your interests, pursue your goals, and actively take part in creating your future. My story of getting involved in the UConn Extension program is of doing just that.

I am a cognitive science major. For the past three years I have studied how the human mind works through psychology, philosophy, linguistics, neurobiology, anthropology, etc. I have learned a lot about human beings (and what we consider human nature), as well as problem solving, critical thinking, and communication skills, and I have certainly enjoyed it. So many are surprised when I now tell them that I hope to pursue a career in landscape architecture.

“But I thought you were going to be a cognitive scientist, how does that relate to landscaping?” A question I often receive after telling someone my plan. I have come up with a somewhat stock response about being interested in the way humans come to conceptualize and interact with the landscapes around them, but I realized that it doesn’t really matter how I justify it to them, as long as the transition feels like the right move to me. Truthfully, I don’t know if I ever really thought I was going to be a ‘cognitive scientist.’ When I was in high school I picked a school that was affordable with a major that seemed interesting. Since then, I have bounced around so many potential careers, from lawyer to marketing analyst, that I have started to lose track. One constant in this was that every summer, my job consisted of some form of landscaping. I have worked on a farm, in a state park, on a golf course, for commercial landscapers, and have even independently contracted my own jobs. Some of these jobs were a lot better than others, but I learned different things from each and, most importantly,  I always loved being outside.

I have often thought about starting my own landscaping company from the ground up. I like the idea of owning my own business and managing people and projects, but many people I know who have done this started straight out of highschool (or even before) and didn’t bother getting a traditional college education. It felt to me like I was somewhat overqualified now, having nearly finished my undergraduate education at a top-notch public university, and while I have great appreciation for what general landscaping takes, I worked hard in college and wanted to make good use of it. I wanted to find a way to tie together my experience from cognitive science to my passion for landscaping projects, my desire to manage people, and my dream of owning my own company. Frankly, I was becoming increasingly confused and frustrated, while the question of ‘what to do with my life’ seemed to constantly loom.

As my frustration began to reach its pinnacle, a number of events occurred. The first was that while searching for summer internships I stumbled across the UConn Extension program, and through that, the Climate Adaptation Academy internship. I had been doing research that semester with a professor investigating people’s neural response to political issues, one of them being climate change, so I had been doing a lot of reading on the matter and had climate issues on the brain. If not for that I may have never clicked on it, and I certainly would not have been able to write the application essay. I did not think too much about the position when I applied (I sent in many applications to many places in my search), but I soon found out that I had received the job, and decided that it seemed to be the most interesting option I had. I still had very little information about what specifically the job would entail, so I waited to hear more.

Meanwhile, I came to the realization that I had a large amount of space in my schedule for the upcoming year. I decided to try and find out more about landscaping courses offered by the school, and if they were available to everyone. As it turns out many of them are, and so I met with a professor in the department, Peter Miniutti, who showed me around the design studio and I immediately fell in love with it. I enrolled in four landscape architecture courses for the upcoming year, and was told that if I was serious about design there were graduate programs out there that accepted plenty of applicants who did not have landscape architecture as a bachelor’s degree, especially if they had already started a portfolio, which these classes would help me do.

Soon the year had ended and I was preparing to start my internship with Dr. Juliana Barrett. Her partnership with Connecticut Sea Grant and UConn Extension has her working on projects that educate and spread awareness about the ways in which towns and communities can deal with the effects of Earth’s changing climate, from alterations to coastal landscapes to increased storm preparedness. I am now involved in all sorts of projects from helping plant one of Connecticut’s first living shorelines (an ecological form of coastal stabilization designed to prevent erosion while maintaining a healthy shoreline), to meeting with municipal workers from various towns to discuss how they have handled past storms and how they plan to handle those of increased severity in the future, to working on a design for a residential riverbank restoration project to replace the riparian vegetation buffer that was clear cut against state regulations. Dr. Barrett invites me to join her at all of her many meetings, and gets me involved in as many of her various projects as she can. When she found out that I was interested in landscape design, she steered me toward projects that would give me extremely valuable real life experience, which is the most important goal of the Extension program. I realized as soon as I started working with Dr. Barrett that she doesn’t care that I have been educated as a cognitive science major, she cares that I am eager to learn and that I am passionate about the work and the subject matter at hand. With this internship I learn new things every day, and while there certainly has been a learning curve in material, I use my past experiences to translate the incoming information into terms I understand, and let the prior insight I have developed shape what I produce. I intend to continue to do this in the coming year when I begin my landscape architecture courses, taking with me every experience I have gained from UConn Extension.
Maybe someday I will be a landscape architect, and maybe I won’t, it’s impossible to know for sure now. What I do know is that everything that I am down the road will be, at least in part, due to the active role I took in creating my future. A small decision like applying for an internship in climate change may not seem like it will change your life, but every experience is a valuable thing, and the interesting part is what it will lead to next. I can already see my Extension internship as being a milestone in creating my future.

UConn Climate Corps

GPSUConn Extension’s Chet Arnold, Juliana Barrett and Bruce Hyde are part of a team that received funding from the University as part of the Academic Plan Proposal Awards. Other team members include: Mark Boyer (Geography), Maria Chrysochoou (Civil and Environmental Engineering), Sylvain DeGuise (Pathobiology), and John Volin (Natural Resources and the Environment).

This project will create the UConn Climate Corps, an undergraduate program built upon a new 3-credit course and a subsequent 3 -credit practicum during which students will assist Connecticut communities in adapting to climate change. During the internship, student teams will work closely with Extension faculty mentors to directly engage town officials; the students will collect and present information that will be used by towns as they plan for climate resiliency. The Climate Corps will contribute significantly to the Sustainability and Resilience Strategic Area of the Academic Plan, serve as a high profile facet of the University’s public engagement portfolio, and provide a real world service learning experience and work force development for high-achieving students in environmentally related programs, including the Environmental Sciences, Environmental Studies, and Environmental Engineering programs.

Did You Know: Climate Adaptation

One Size Fits All Won’t Work

beach houseWhen the subject of climate change comes up, the first thing that comes to mind for many people is the impact of sea level rise on coastal communities. While the impacts of Tropical Storm Irene and Superstorm Sandy grab the headlines, with dramatic pictures of flooding, collapsed houses and eroded shorelines, there are many complex and equally important climate related issues that will challenge both coastal and inland communities in the next several decades.

Climate Adaptation Academy (CAA) sessions are running on various subjects, and more are being developed. Sessions that have been held include general climate adaptation education, inland flooding issues and research, and shore protection/living shorelines. Sessions that are under development include climate impacts on agriculture, and legal coastal climate change issues.  The CAA has a website ( with information on upcoming events as well as pertinent information and news on climate adaptation.

National Adaptation Forum

By Juliana Barrett

Connecticut Sea Grant and UConn Extension

In early May, over 700 people gathered in St Louis, MO for the second National Adaptation Forum (NAF). The purpose of the NAF is to promote and share climate adaptation research, issues, tools and strategies. Participants gathered from across the United States and Canada including federal, state and municipal officials, consultants, NGO’s, academics and representatives from tribal nations. There were heart wrenching stories of climate impacts slowly destroying communities and changing lives as well as inspiring solutions and new technologies.

The Forum included presentations, many of which incorporated audience participation or discussion, a poster session, working groups, training sessions, exhibit booths, and networking events. The networking events provided time to meet new people and talk with other participants about issues and strategies that are working in their communities. Bruce Hyde (UConn Extension) and I presented a poster on the Climate Adaptation Academy in Connecticut and shared the topics and issues facing Connecticut municipalities and residents.

Having attended the Inaugural NAF in 2013, progress on climate adaptation solutions and strategies is very apparent. The first Forum was very much, “Here’s what we should be doing.” A short two years later, the focus is, “Here’s what we are doing/Here’s what’s working/Here are new tools.”

The next NAF, to be held in 2016, will hopefully bring more students into the discussion as many of the solutions and strategies to deal with the impacts of climate change will come from them.

Learn more about the UConn Climate Adaptation Academy.


Climate Adaption Academy Looking for Input

Shoreline panelThe Climate Adaptation Academy (CAA) is developing a list of challenges that municipalities and residents are facing as a result of climate change and we need your help. CAA is a partnership between Connecticut Sea Grant and UConn’s Center for Land Use Education and Research (CLEAR) and was developed after talking to a variety of local officials and residents, consultants and state officials. While the impacts of Tropical Storm Irene and Superstorm Sandy grab the headlines with dramatic pictures of flooding, collapsed houses and eroded shorelines, there are many complex and equally important climate related issues that will challenge both coastal and inland communities in the next several decades. Identifying these issues in the near term will help advance the effort to fully determine the magnitude of each and begin to develop an adaptive response. This will be a long-term process and, to be effective, will require participation of a wide range of individuals, institutions and governmental agencies.

An important component of all CAA presentations is an opportunity for participants to share the challenges they face and ways they have developed to adapt to the impacts of climate change. We don’t know all the answers. In some cases we don’t even know the questions. The CAA is designed to be a continuous process by which the complex and emerging climate adaptation issues facing municipalities and residents are identified and innovative solutions are shared.

The list below includes the issues that our research has identified as being of concern to people in Connecticut as they begin to address the impacts of climate change. We have developed programs and held workshops to address a number of these issues. For others we are exploring partnerships and plan to engage in education and outreach on these topics in the future. Please let us know if there is an area of concern that you do not see below.

Climate Adaptation Academy topics identified to date:

  • General climate adaptation outreach for municipal officials and the public
  • Flooding—this includes impacts on stormwater systems, wastewater treatment systems, street flooding, flood insurance and more
  • Shore Protection/Living Shorelines
  • Climate Impacts on the real estate community
  • Adaptation issues for businesses, especially those located on the coast
  • Legal issues of climate adaptation
  • Impacts of climate change on agriculture
  • Climate impacts on the natural environment
  • Flooding, storms and mold
  • How climate change will affect septic systems and water supplies
  • Development of a Rapid Response Team to assist municipalities and homeowners after storm events
  • Climate impacts/storm surge on transportation systems
  • What to use –too much information from too many sources

Contact: Bruce Hyde at or Juliana Barrett at

A Climate Adaptation Academy for Connecticut

Modeled after CLEARseagrantanniv’s highly successful Land Use Academy, we are embarking on a new forum for land use officials and other interested professionals, a Climate Adaptation Academy (CAA). The CAA, sponsored by Connecticut Sea Grant and CLEAR, will serve as an outreach arm of the recently announced Connecticut Institute for Resilience and Climate Adaptation. We envision the CAA as an exchange of information, issues, experiences and solutions.

A series of one-day workshop for local officials and other interested professionals are under development and will focus on current climate issues and climate adaptation that will lead to resiliency. We plan to have a revolving list of topics discussed by experts based on input and needs identified by municipal officials, land use commission members and others. The agenda for the CAA will run the gamut from sea level rise and coastal erosion to storm water flooding, the national flood insurance program, energy and power outages, and legal issues associated with climate change. We will be bringing in experts from academic institutions, state and federal agencies, and the private sector – whoever we can best find to address the questions that you raise.  Each CAA will have an opportunity for you to express your needs and thoughts, and we will do our best to address those issues.

The first Climate Adaptation Academy is planned for Saturday May 3, 2014 at UConn’s Avery Point campus with an agenda that includes: Major Threats of Climate Change, Climate Change and Your Town, Flooding and Emergency Response, DEEP and Climate Adaptation, and an opportunity for you to identify what issues are most important to you.  The location of the CAA will change to include coastal and inland sessions, as well as eastern and western locations so that it is easier for people from throughout Connecticut to attend.

Watch the Connecticut Sea Grant and UConn CLEAR websites for the May 3rd agenda and registration information.  If you have any questions, please contact Juliana Barrett at or Bruce Hyde at

When It Comes To Climate Change – Money Talks

damaged houses

By Bruce Hyde

It is generally accepted by climate scientists that New England will experience a trend of increasing intensity and frequency of storms resulting in an increase in flooding and coastal erosion. Recent storms have raised our collective awareness of the damage, both fiscal and physical, that these storms can cause. Consider that Sandy wasn’t even a hurricane when it hit Connecticut; it was a mere tropical storm. Yet federal funding for Sandy relief in Connecticut amounted to over $360 million. If you include New York and New Jersey, Congress approved over $60 billion in emergency disaster aid for Hurricane/Tropical Storm Sandy. That amounts to approximately $382 for every taxpayer (157 million taxpayers) in the country. If these types of storms become more frequent, it raises the question: Just how are we going to pay for it? Read more….

Do “We” Believe in Climate Change

By David Dickson


Over the last year and a half here in Connecticut, we have certainly seen our fair share of extreme weather events – Irene, the Halloween nor’easter of 2011, Sandy, Winter Storm NEMO (no relation to our NEMO), etc. These events have certainly had a big physical and financial impact on our state, but may have also had a broader emotional/political impact.  There is a growing sense that events like these are shifting our national attitudes about climate change. But are they?

I had the pleasure of attending a Climate Change workshop in Santa Monica, CA last week sponsored by the NOAA Sea Grant Climate Change Network. I was there to talk about our awesome Rain Garden App, but left with some interesting insight into what we as a nation think about climate change/global warming.

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